Psychopathology

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Selective mutism is a childhood anxiety disorder characterized by an inability to speak in certain situations such as school and other social settings. This disorder starts during childhood and can persist longer if left untreated. Children with this disorder are unable to speak in school but can talk and communicate with ease in settings where …

Social phobia, also known as a social anxiety disorder (SAD), is characterized by having severe persistent and irrational fears of social or performance situations in which embarrassment may occur. Many people feel uncomfortable in some social situations, but people with social phobia feel extreme levels of anxiety and fear when performing activities like public speaking, …

According to the American Psychological Association (APA), anxiety is an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts, and physical changes like increased blood pressure. Interestingly, not all anxiety is bad for us. Psychologists have found out that our performance increases when we are a little anxious. (Yerkes & Dodson, 1908). For example, you might …